In music, we have looked at various types of music, with one of them being classical music and the orchestra. For my music students I made a presentation looking at all the families of instruments in an orchestra, as well as looking at a how they sound, and a few famous composers and performances. Here's the presentation. Enjoy and keep your English up!
What is an Orchestra?
•An orchestra is a large instrumental ensemble used in classical music that contains sections of string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments.
•Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes be grouped into a fifth section such as a keyboard section or may stand alone.
•For 20th and 21st century compositions, electric and electronic instruments can be used.
•Orchestras are usually led by a conductor who directs the performance by way of visible gestures.
• The conductor unifies the orchestra, sets the tempo and shapes the sound of the ensemble.
•Orchestras play a wide range of repertoire, including symphonies, overtures, concertos, and music for operas and ballets.
Types of instruments.
•The typical symphony orchestra consists of four groups of related musical instruments called the wood winds, brass, percussion, and strings (violin, viola, cello and double bass).
• Other instruments such as the piano and celesta may sometimes be grouped into a fifth section such as a keyboard section or may stand alone, as may the concert harp and electric and electronic instruments.
Listen to the video of the percussion family being introduced.
How do they sound different to the string family?
Why do they sound different?
Listen to the video of the Woodwind family being introduced.
How do they sound compared to String and percussion?
Listen to the video of the Brass family being introduced.
How does this family sound compared to the others?
Here is how an orchestra sounds when it is being played together, composed by a conductor!
Can you tell me when you notice each family being introduced for each orchestra?
Here is a peice by John Williams, one of the most famous conductors in the world!! Can you recognise some of these very famous peices of music?
•Orchestra does not always have to play classical music!
•The instruments can be used in many genres of music and create their own unique sounds!
•Here is an Orchestra conducted by Pete Tong an English DJ who uses the instruments for dance music at the RADIO 1 IBIZA PROM!